The Enigma Of Reason

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The Enigma of Reason

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Author by : Hugo Mercier
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 408
Isbn : 0674368304
Identifier : 9780674368309
Release : 2017-04-17
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now The Enigma Of Reason by Hugo Mercier and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. if reason is so useful and reliable, why didn’t it evolve in other animals and why do humans produce so much thoroughly reasoned nonsense? hugo mercier and dan sperber argue that reason is not geared to solitary use. it evolved to help justify our beliefs to others, evaluate their arguments, and better exploit our uniquely rich social environment.

The Enigma of Reason A New Theory of Human Understanding

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Author by : Dan Mercier
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9780241957851
Identifier : 0241957850
Release : 2018-04
Publisher by : Allen Lane
Category : Reason
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Description : Read Now The Enigma Of Reason by Dan Mercier and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. reason, we are told, is what makes us human, the source of our knowledge and wisdom. if reason is so useful, why didn't it also evolve in other animals? if reason is that reliable, why do we produce so much thoroughly reasoned nonsense? in their ground-breaking account of the evolution and workings of reason, hugo mercier and dan sperber set out to solve this double enigma. reason, they argue with a compelling mix of real-life and experimental evidence, is not geared to solitary use, to arriving at better beliefs and decisions on our own. what reason does, rather, is help us justify our beliefs and actions to others, convince them through argumentation, and evaluate the justifications and arguments that others address to us.the enigma of reason will spark debate among psychologists and philosophers, and make many reasonable people rethink their own thinking.

The Enigma of Reason A New Theory of Human Understanding

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Author by : Dan Sperber
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 224
Isbn : 1846145589
Identifier : 9781846145582
Release : 2017-04-06
Publisher by : Penguin UK
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now The Enigma Of Reason by Dan Sperber and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. guardian books of the year 2017 'original and provocative ... likely to have a big impact on our understanding of ourselves' steven pinker 'mercier and sperber offer a surprising and powerful response to the new orthodoxy propounded by kahneman and tversky ... arguing that the supposed flaws of hot, fast, automatic thinking are actually design features which work remarkably well' julian baggini reason, we are told, is what makes us human, the source of our knowledge and wisdom. but, if reason is so useful, why didn't it also evolve in other animals? if it is that reliable, why do we produce so much thoroughly reasoned nonsense? in their ground-breaking account of the evolution and workings of reason, hugo mercier and dan sperber set out to solve this double enigma, taking us on a journey from desert ants to modern scientists, and from aristotle to daniel kahneman. reason, they argue with a compelling mix of real-life and experimental evidence, is not geared to solitary use, to arriving at better beliefs and decisions on our own. what reason does, rather, is help us justify our beliefs and actions to others, convince them through argumentation, and evaluate the justifications and arguments that they address to us. in other words, reason has evolved to help humans better exploit their uniquely rich social environment. this illuminating interpretation of reason makes sense of strengths and weaknesses that have long puzzled philosophers and psychologists - why reason is biased in favour of what we already believe, why it may lead to terrible ideas and yet is indispensable to spreading good ones. ambitious, provocative, and entertaining, the enigma of reason will spark debate among psychologists and philosophers, and make many reasonable people rethink their own thinking.

Meaning and Relevance

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Author by : Deirdre Wilson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 382
Isbn : 052176677X
Identifier : 9780521766777
Release : 2012-03-22
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
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Description : Read Now Meaning And Relevance by Deirdre Wilson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. when people speak, their words never fully encode what they mean, and the context is always compatible with a variety of interpretations. how can comprehension ever be achieved? wilson and sperber argue that comprehension is a process of inference guided by precise expectations of relevance. what are the relations between the linguistically encoded meanings studied in semantics and the thoughts that humans are capable of entertaining and conveying? how should we analyse literal meaning, approximations, metaphors and ironies? is the ability to understand speakers' meanings rooted in a more general human ability to understand other minds? how do these abilities interact in evolution and in cognitive development? meaning and relevance sets out to answer these and other questions, enriching and updating relevance theory and exploring its implications for linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science and literary studies.

Similarity and Analogical Reasoning

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Author by : Stella Vosniadou
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 592
Isbn : 9780521389358
Identifier : 0521389356
Release : 1989
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Medical
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Description : Read Now Similarity And Analogical Reasoning by Stella Vosniadou and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. similarity and analogy are fundamental in human cognition. they are crucial for recognition and classification, and have been associated with scientific discovery and creativity. any adequate understanding of similarity and analogy requires the integration of theory and data from diverse domains. this interdisciplinary volume explores current development in research and theory from psychological, computational, and educational perspectives, and considers their implications for learning and instruction. the distinguished contributors examine the psychological processes involved in reasoning by similarity and analogy, the computational problems encountered in simulating analogical processing in problem solving, and the conditions promoting the application of analogical reasoning in everyday situations.

The Splendid Feast of Reason

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Author by : S. Jonathan Singer
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 242
Isbn : 0520239113
Identifier : 9780520239111
Release : 2003-05-05
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Splendid Feast Of Reason by S. Jonathan Singer and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "the splendid feast of reason is the testament of that rarest of breeds, an honest man, at once fearless and modest and decent, presenting scientific rationalism at its best. singer's superb humanistic summary of modern biology alone is worth the price."—edward o. wilson, university research professor, harvard university

The Enigma of Loch Ness Making Sense of a Mystery

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Author by : Henry H. Bauer
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 258
Isbn : 1620322315
Identifier : 9781620322314
Release : 2012-05-11
Publisher by : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Enigma Of Loch Ness by Henry H. Bauer and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. like ufo's, big foot, and the bermuda triangle, the loch ness monster continues to fascinate us by the persistence of its mystery. while many authors have focused upon the search for nessie, bauer is the first to present a detailed and balanced look at the history of the controversy surrounding this search.bauer is much more concerned with examining the sociological, psychological, and philosophical aspects of the loch ness controversy than with proving or disproving nessie's existence. he shows that the nessie phenomenon has much to tell us about how we acquire our beliefs, about the nature of the scientific enterprise, and about the adversarial relationship between mainstream science and "fringe" subjects, such as nessie.the result of more than a decade of research, bauer's study includes both famous and little known photos and illustrations, the most complete bibliography yet compiled on the subject, and a list of close to 800 reported sightings. whether you believe in nessie or laugh at the mere thought of believing, you'll find the enigma of loch ness both entertaining and enlightening.

The Enigma of time

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Author by : no defined
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 248
Isbn :
Identifier : UCAL:B4520805
Release : 1982
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Science
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Denying to the Grave Why We Ignore the Facts That Will Save Us

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Author by : Sara E. Gorman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 328
Isbn : 0199396604
Identifier : 9780199396603
Release : 2016-09-01
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category :
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Description : Read Now Denying To The Grave by Sara E. Gorman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. why do some parents refuse to vaccinate their children? why do some people keep guns at home, despite scientific evidence of risk to their family members? and why do people use antibiotics for illnesses they cannot possibly alleviate? when it comes to health, many people insist that science is wrong, that the evidence is incomplete, and that unidentified hazards lurk everywhere. in denying to the grave, gorman and gorman, a father-daughter team, explore the psychology of health science denial. using several examples of such denial as test cases, they propose six key principles that may lead individuals to reject "accepted" health-related wisdom: the charismatic leader; fear of complexity; confirmation bias and the internet; fear of corporate and government conspiracies; causality and filling the ignorance gap; and the nature of risk prediction. the authors argue that the health sciences are especially vulnerable to our innate resistance to integrate new concepts with pre-existing beliefs. this psychological difficulty of incorporating new information is on the cutting edge of neuroscience research, as scientists continue to identify brain responses to new information that reveal deep-seated, innate discomfort with changing our minds. denying to the grave explores risk theory and how people make decisions about what is best for them and their loved ones, in an effort to better understand how people think when faced with significant health decisions. this book points the way to a new and important understanding of how science should be conveyed to the public in order to save lives with existing knowledge and technology.

Change in View Principles of Reasoning

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Author by : Gilbert Harman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 162
Isbn : 9780262580915
Identifier : 0262580918
Release : 1988-01
Publisher by : Bradford Books
Category : Psychology
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Description : Read Now Change In View by Gilbert Harman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. change in view offers an entirely original approach to the philosophical study of reasoning by identifying principles of reasoning with principles for revising one's beliefs and intentions and not with principles of logic. this crucial observation leads to a number of important and interesting consequences that impinge on psychology and artificial intelligence as well as on various branches of philosophy, from epistemology to ethics and action theory.

The Evolution of Reason Logic as a Branch of Biology

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Author by : William S. Cooper
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 226
Isbn : 9780521540254
Identifier : 0521540259
Release : 2003-11-10
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now The Evolution Of Reason by William S. Cooper and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book, first published in 2001, outlines a theory of rationality in which logical law emerges as an intrinsic aspect of evolutionary biology.

Reasoning, Meaning, and Mind

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Author by : Gilbert Harman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 302
Isbn : 9780191519345
Identifier : 0191519340
Release : 1999-07-01
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Category : Philosophy
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Description : Read Now Reasoning Meaning And Mind by Gilbert Harman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. gilbert harman presents a selection of fifteen interconnected essays on fundamental issues at the centre of analytic philosophy. the book opens with a group of four essays discussing basic principles of reasoning and rationality. the next three essays argue against the idea that certain claims are true by virtue of meaning and knowable by virtue of meaning. in the third group of essays harman sets out his own view of meaning, arguing that it depends upon the functioning of concepts in reasoning, perception, and action, by which these concepts are related to the world. he also examines the relation between language and thought. the final three essays investigate the nature of mind, developing further the themes already set out. reasoning, meaning, and mind offers an integrated presentation of this rich and influential body of work.