The Mit Encyclopedia Of The Cognitive Sciences

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The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences

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Author by : Robert Andrew Wilson, Frank C. Keil
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 964
Isbn : 9780262731447
Identifier : 0262731444
Release : 2001
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Psychology
Total Download : 7660571
Total Read : 5124873
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Description : Read Now The Mit Encyclopedia Of The Cognitive Sciences by Robert Andrew Wilson, Frank C. Keil and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a landmark, comprehensive reference work that represents the methodological and theoretical diversity of this changing field.

The MIT Encyclopedia of Communication Disorders

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Author by : Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 618
Isbn : 9780262112789
Identifier : 0262112787
Release : 2004
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Download : 4762451
Total Read : 6770725
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Description : Read Now The Mit Encyclopedia Of Communication Disorders by Massachusetts Institute of Technology and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a major new reference work with entries covering the entire field of communication and speech disorders. a massive reference work on the scale of mitecs (the mit encyclopedia of cognitive sciences), the mit encyclopedia of communication disorders will become the standard reference in this field for both research and clinical use. it offers almost 200 detailed entries, covering the entire range of communication and speech disorders in children and adults, from basic science to clinical diagnosis.mitecd is divided into four sections that reflect the standard categories within the field (also known as speech-language pathology and audiology): voice, speech, language, and hearing. within each category, entries are organized into three subsections: basic science, disorders, and clinical management. basic science includes relevant information on normal anatomy and physiology, physics, psychology and psychophysics, and linguistics; this provides a scientific foundation for entries in the other subsections. the entries that appear under disorders offer information on the definition and characterization of specific disorders, and tools for their identification and assessment. the clinical management subsection describes appropriate interventions, including behavioral, pharmacological, surgical, and prosthetic. because the approach to communication disorders can be quite different for children and adults, many topics include separate entries reflecting this. although some disorders that are first diagnosed in childhood may persist in some form throughout adulthood, many disorders can have an onset in either childhood or adulthood, and the timing of onset can have many implications for both assessment and intervention. topics covered in mitecd include cochlear implants for children and adults, pitch perception, tinnitus, alaryngeal voice and speech rehabilitation, neural mechanisms of vocalization, holistic voice therapy techniques, computer-based approaches to children's speech and language disorders, neurogenic mutism, regional dialect, agrammatism, global aphasia, and psychosocial problems associated with communicative disorders.

Encyclopedia of cognitive science

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Author by : Lynn Nadel
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 4361
Isbn : 9780333792612
Identifier : 0333792610
Release : 2003
Publisher by : Nature Pub Group
Category : Psychology
Total Download : 4537002
Total Read : 7124603
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Description : Read Now Encyclopedia Of Cognitive Science by Lynn Nadel and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. reviews the themes: information, information processing, representation, and computation, psychology, philosophy, linguistics, computer science, neuroscience, education, economics, evolutionary biology, anthropology.

Explaining the Computational Mind

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Author by : Marcin Miłkowski
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 243
Isbn : 0262018861
Identifier : 9780262018869
Release : 2013
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Philosophy
Total Download : 4449515
Total Read : 9069210
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Description : Read Now Explaining The Computational Mind by Marcin Miłkowski and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a defense of the computational explanation of cognition that relies on mechanistic philosophy of science and advocates for explanatory pluralism. in this book, marcin milkowski argues that the mind can be explained computationally because it is itself computational--whether it engages in mental arithmetic, parses natural language, or processes the auditory signals that allow us to experience music. defending the computational explanation against objections to it--from john searle and hilary putnam in particular--milkowski writes that computationalism is here to stay but is not what many have taken it to be. it does not, for example, rely on a cartesian gulf between software and hardware, or mind and brain. milkowski's mechanistic construal of computation allows him to show that no purely computational explanation of a physical process will ever be complete. computationalism is only plausible, he argues, if you also accept explanatory pluralism. milkowski sketches a mechanistic theory of implementation of computation against a background of extant conceptions, describing four dissimilar computational models of cognition. he reviews other philosophical accounts of implementation and computational explanation and defends a notion of representation that is compatible with his mechanistic account and adequate vis à vis the four models discussed earlier. instead of arguing that there is no computation without representation, he inverts the slogan and shows that there is no representation without computation--but explains that representation goes beyond purely computational considerations. milkowski's arguments succeed in vindicating computational explanation in a novel way by relying on mechanistic theory of science and interventionist theory of causation.

Boundaries of the Mind The Individual in the Fragile Sciences - Cognition

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Author by : Robert A. Wilson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 369
Isbn : 9780521544948
Identifier : 0521544947
Release : 2004-06-28
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Philosophy
Total Download : 4366032
Total Read : 3685245
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Description : Read Now Boundaries Of The Mind by Robert A. Wilson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. provides the foundations for the view that the mind extends beyond the boundary of the individual.

Artificial Minds

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Author by : Stan Franklin
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 449
Isbn : 9780262561099
Identifier : 0262561093
Release : 1997
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Computers
Total Download : 3750414
Total Read : 729398
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Description : Read Now Artificial Minds by Stan Franklin and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. stan franklin is the perfect tour guide through the contemporary interdisciplinary matrix of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, cognitive neuroscience, artificial neural networks, artificial life, and robotics that is producing a new paradigm of mind. along the way, franklin makes the case for a perspective that rejects a rigid distinction between mind and non-mind in favor of a continuum from less to more mind.

The Eugenic Mind Project

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Author by : Robert A. Wilson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 352
Isbn : 0262037203
Identifier : 9780262037204
Release : 2017-12-15
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Science
Total Download : 4733252
Total Read : 5082609
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Description : Read Now The Eugenic Mind Project by Robert A. Wilson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. part science and part social movement, eugenics emerged in the late nineteenth century as a tool for human improvement. in response to perceived threats of criminality, moral degeneration, feeble-mindedness, and "the rising tide of color," eugenic laws and social policies aimed to better the human race by regulating reproductive choice through science and technology. in this book, rob wilson examines eugenic thought and practice--from forced sterilization to prenatal screening--drawing on his experience working with eugenics survivors. using the social sciences' standpoint theory as a framework to understand the intersection of eugenics, disability, social inclusiveness, and human variation, wilson focuses on those who have lived through a eugenic past and those confronted by the legacy of eugenic thinking today. by doing so, he brings eugenics from the distant past to the ongoing present. wilson discusses such topics as the conceptualization of eugenic traits; the formulation of laws regulating immigration and marriage and requiring sexual sterilization; the depiction of the targets of eugenics as "subhuman"; the systematic construction of a concept of normality; the eugenic logic in prenatal screening and contemporary bioethics; and the incorporation of eugenics and disability into standpoint theory. individual purchasers of this book will receive free access to the documentary surviving eugenics, available at eugenicsarchive.ca/film.

Explanation and Cognition

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Author by : Frank C. Keil, Robert Andrew Wilson, Robert Anton Wilson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 396
Isbn : 9780262112499
Identifier : 0262112493
Release : 2000
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Psychology
Total Download : 5539157
Total Read : 7150852
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Description : Read Now Explanation And Cognition by Frank C. Keil, Robert Andrew Wilson, Robert Anton Wilson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. these essays draw on work in the history and philosophy of science, the philosophy of mind and language, the development of concepts in children, conceptual change in adults, and reasoning in human and artificial systems. explanations seem to be a large and natural part of our cognitive lives. as frank keil and robert wilson write, "when a cognitive activity is so ubiquitous that it is expressed both in a preschooler's idle questions and in work that is the culmination of decades of scholarly effort, one has to ask whether we really have one and the same phenomenon or merely different cognitively based phenomena that are loosely, or even metaphorically, related." this book is unusual in its interdisciplinary approach to that ubiquitous activity. the essays address five basic questions about explanation: how do explanatory capacities develop? are there kinds of explanation? do explanations correspond to domains of knowledge? why do we seek explanations, and what do they accomplish? how central are causes to explanation? the essays draw on work in the history and philosophy of science, the philosophy of mind and language, the development of concepts in children, conceptual change in adults, and reasoning in human and artificial systems. they also introduce emerging perspectives on explanation from computer science, linguistics, and anthropology. contributors woo-kyoung ahn, william f. brewer, patricia w. cheng, clark a. chinn, andy clark, robert cummins, clark glymour, alison gopnik, christine johnson, charles w. kalish, frank c. keil, robert n. mccauley, gregory l. murphy, ala samarapungavan, herbert a. simon, paul thagard, robert a. wilson

Cultural Connections Museums and Libraries of Philadelphia and the Delaware Valley

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Author by : Morris J. Vogel
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 256
Isbn : 9780877228400
Identifier : 087722840X
Release : 1991
Publisher by : Temple University Press
Category : Architecture
Total Download : 6396395
Total Read : 8593319
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Description : Read Now Cultural Connections by Morris J. Vogel and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. illustrates the history, civilization, and social conditions of the united states via artifacts, paintings, and other objects from the collections of cultural institutions in philadelphia and environs.

A Companion to Cognitive Science

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Author by : William Bechtel, George Graham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 816
Isbn : 9780631218517
Identifier : 0631218513
Release : 1999-09-10
Publisher by : Wiley-Blackwell
Category : Science
Total Download : 9155070
Total Read : 9775128
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Description : Read Now A Companion To Cognitive Science by William Bechtel, George Graham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. unmatched in the quality of its world-renowned contributors, this multidisciplinary companion serves as both a course text and a reference book across the broad spectrum of issues of concern to cognitive science.

Ambient Intelligence for Scientific Discovery Foundations, Theories, and Systems

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Author by : Yang Cai
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 314
Isbn : 9783540244660
Identifier : 3540244662
Release : 2005-02-16
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Computers
Total Download : 864751
Total Read : 2271948
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Description : Read Now Ambient Intelligence For Scientific Discovery by Yang Cai and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. many difficult scientific discovery tasks can only be solved in interactive ways, by combining intelligent computing techniques with intuitive and adaptive user interfaces. it is inevitable to use human intelligence in scientific discovery systems: human eyes can capture complex patterns and relationships, along with detecting the exceptional cases in a data set; the human brain can easily manipulate perceptions to make decisions. ambient intelligence is about this kind of ubiquitous and autonomous human interaction with information. scientific discovery is a process of creative perception and communication, dealing with questions like: how do we significantly reduce information while maintaining meaning, or how do we extract patterns from massive data and growing data resources. originating from the sigchi workshop on ambient intelligence for scientific discovery, this state-of-the-art survey is organized in three parts: new paradigms in scientific discovery, ambient cognition, and ambient intelligence systems. many chapters share common features such as interaction, vision, language, and biomedicine.

An Introduction to the Event-Related Potential Technique

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Author by : Steven J. Luck
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 416
Isbn : 0262525852
Identifier : 9780262525855
Release : 2014-06-20
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Medical
Total Download : 2908161
Total Read : 1037085
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Description : Read Now An Introduction To The Event Related Potential Technique by Steven J. Luck and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. an essential guide to designing, conducting, and analyzing event-related potential (erp) experiments, completely updated for this edition.

Neuroeconomics Decision Making and the Brain

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Author by : Paul W. Glimcher, Ernst Fehr
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 560
Isbn : 0123914698
Identifier : 9780123914699
Release : 2013-08-13
Publisher by : Academic Press
Category : Psychology
Total Download : 6095367
Total Read : 8428225
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Description : Read Now Neuroeconomics by Paul W. Glimcher, Ernst Fehr and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the years since it first published, neuroeconomics: decision making and the brain has become the standard reference and textbook in the burgeoning field of neuroeconomics. the second edition, a nearly complete revision of this landmark book, will set a new standard. this new edition features five sections designed to serve as both classroom-friendly introductions to each of the major subareas in neuroeconomics, and as advanced synopses of all that has been accomplished in the last two decades in this rapidly expanding academic discipline. the first of these sections provides useful introductions to the disciplines of microeconomics, the psychology of judgment and decision, computational neuroscience, and anthropology for scholars and students seeking interdisciplinary breadth. the second section provides an overview of how human and animal preferences are represented in the mammalian nervous systems. chapters on risk, time preferences, social preferences, emotion, pharmacology, and common neural currencies—each written by leading experts—lay out the foundations of neuroeconomic thought. the third section contains both overview and in-depth chapters on the fundamentals of reinforcement learning, value learning, and value representation. the fourth section, “the neural mechanisms for choice, integrates what is known about the decision-making architecture into state-of-the-art models of how we make choices. the final section embeds these mechanisms in a larger social context, showing how these mechanisms function during social decision-making in both humans and animals. the book provides a historically rich exposition in each of its chapters and emphasizes both the accomplishments and the controversies in the field. a clear explanatory style and a single expository voice characterize all chapters, making core issues in economics, psychology, and neuroscience accessible to scholars from all disciplines. the volume is essential reading for anyone interested in neuroeconomics in particular or decision making in general. editors and contributing authors are among the acknowledged experts and founders in the field, making this the authoritative reference for neuroeconomics suitable as an advanced undergraduate or graduate textbook as well as a thorough reference for active researchers introductory chapters on economics, psychology, neuroscience, and anthropology provide students and scholars from any discipline with the keys to understanding this interdisciplinary field detailed chapters on subjects that include reinforcement learning, risk, inter-temporal choice, drift-diffusion models, game theory, and prospect theory make this an invaluable reference published in association with the society for neuroeconomics—www.neuroeconomics.org full-color presentation throughout with numerous carefully selected illustrations to highlight key concepts

High-level Vision Object Recognition and Visual Cognition

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Author by : Shimon Ullman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 412
Isbn : 9780262710077
Identifier : 0262710072
Release : 2000
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Computers
Total Download : 8454439
Total Read : 4592371
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Description : Read Now High Level Vision by Shimon Ullman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. shimon ullman focuses on the processes of high-level vision that deal with the interpretation and use of what is seen in the image. in this book, shimon ullman focuses on the processes of high-level vision that deal with the interpretation and use of what is seen in the image. in particular, he examines two major problems. the first, object recognition and classification, involves recognizing objects despite large variations in appearance caused by changes in viewing position, illumination, occlusion, and object shape. the second, visual cognition, involves the extraction of shape properties and spatial relations in the course of performing visual tasks such as object manipulation, planning movements in the environment, or interpreting graphical material such as diagrams, graphs and maps. the book first takes up object recognition and develops a novel approach to the recognition of three-dimensional objects. it then studies a number of related issues in high-level vision, including object classification, scene segmentation, and visual cognition. using computational considerations discussed throughout the book, along with psychophysical and biological data, the final chapter proposes a model for the general flow of information in the visual cortex. understanding vision is a key problem in the brain sciences, human cognition, and artificial intelligence. because of the interdisciplinary nature of the theories developed in this work, high-level vision will be of interest to readers in all three of these fields.

Biological and Cultural Bases of Human Inference

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Author by : Riccardo Viale, Daniel Andler, Lawrence A. Hirschfeld
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 264
Isbn : 1134812701
Identifier : 9781134812707
Release : 2013-05-13
Publisher by : Psychology Press
Category : Psychology
Total Download : 1901750
Total Read : 385124
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Description : Read Now Biological And Cultural Bases Of Human Inference by Riccardo Viale, Daniel Andler, Lawrence A. Hirschfeld and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. biological and cultural bases of human inference addresses the interface between social science and cognitive science. in this volume, viale and colleagues explore which human social cognitive powers evolve naturally and which are influenced by culture. updating the debate between innatism and culturalism regarding human cognitive abilities, this book represents a much-needed articulation of these diverse bases of cognition. chapters throughout the book provide social science and philosophical reflections, in addition to the perspective of evolutionary theory and the central assumptions of cognitive science. the overall approach of the text is based on three complementary levels: adult performance, cognitive development, and cultural history and prehistory. scholars from several disciplines contribute to this volume, including researchers in cognitive, developmental, social and evolutionary psychology, neuropsychology, cognitive anthropology, epistemology, and philosophy of mind. this contemporary, important collection appeals to researchers in the fields of cognitive, social, developmental, and evolutionary psychology and will prove valuable to researchers in the decision sciences.

Encyclopedia of the Mind

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Author by : Harold Pashler
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 839
Isbn : 1412950570
Identifier : 9781412950572
Release : 2013-01-14
Publisher by : SAGE
Category : Psychology
Total Download : 2133439
Total Read : 7858864
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Description : Read Now Encyclopedia Of The Mind by Harold Pashler and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. it’s hard to conceive of a topic of more broad and personal interest than the study of the mind. in addition to its traditional investigation by the disciplines of psychology, psychiatry, and neuroscience, the mind has also been a focus of study in the fields of philosophy, economics, anthropology, linguistics, computer science, molecular biology, education, and literature. in all these approaches, there is an almost universal fascination with how the mind works and how it affects our lives and our behavior. studies of the mind and brain have crossed many exciting thresholds in recent years, and the study of mind now represents a thoroughly cross-disciplinary effort. researchers from a wide range of disciplines seek answers to such questions as: what is mind? how does it operate? what is consciousness? this encyclopedia brings together scholars from the entire range of mind-related academic disciplines from across the arts and humanities, social sciences, life sciences, and computer science and engineering to explore the multidimensional nature of the human mind.