The Ottoman Road To War In 1914

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The Ottoman Road to War in 1914 The Ottoman Empire and the First World War

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Author by : Mustafa Aksakal
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 9781139474498
Identifier : 1139474499
Release : 2008-12-11
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Ottoman Road To War In 1914 by Mustafa Aksakal and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. why did the ottoman empire enter the first world war in late october 1914, months after the war's devastations had become clear? were its leaders 'simple-minded,' 'below-average' individuals, as the doyen of turkish diplomatic history has argued? or, as others have claimed, did the ottomans enter the war because war minister enver pasha, dictating ottoman decisions, was in thrall to the germans and to his own expansionist dreams? based on previously untapped ottoman and european sources, mustafa aksakal's dramatic study challenges this consensus. it demonstrates that responsibility went far beyond enver, that the road to war was paved by the demands of a politically interested public, and that the ottoman leadership sought the german alliance as the only way out of a web of international threats and domestic insecurities, opting for an escape whose catastrophic consequences for the empire and seismic impact on the middle east are felt even today.

The Ottoman Road to War in 1914 The Ottoman Empire and the First World War

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Author by : Mustafa Aksakal
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 216
Isbn :
Identifier : OCLC:802505008
Release : 2010
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Turkey
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Shattering Empires The Clash and Collapse of the Ottoman and Russian Empires 1908–1918

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Author by : Michael A. Reynolds
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1139494120
Identifier : 9781139494120
Release : 2011-01-27
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Shattering Empires by Michael A. Reynolds and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the break-up of the ottoman empire and the disintegration of the russian empire were watershed events in modern history. the unravelling of these empires was both cause and consequence of world war i and resulted in the deaths of millions. it irrevocably changed the landscape of the middle east and eurasia and reverberates to this day in conflicts throughout the caucasus and middle east. shattering empires draws on extensive research in the ottoman and russian archives to tell the story of the rivalry and collapse of two great empires. overturning accounts that portray their clash as one of conflicting nationalisms, this pioneering study argues that geopolitical competition and the emergence of a new global interstate order provide the key to understanding the course of history in the ottoman-russian borderlands in the twentieth century. it will appeal to those interested in middle eastern, russian, and eurasian history, international relations, ethnic conflict, and world war i.

The Russian Origins of the First World War

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Author by : Sean McMeekin
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 344
Isbn : 0674063201
Identifier : 9780674063204
Release : 2011-12-12
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Russian Origins Of The First World War by Sean McMeekin and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in a major reinterpretation, sean mcmeekin rejects the standard notion of the war’s beginning as either a germano-austrian pre-emptive strike or a miscalculation. the key to the outbreak of violence, he argues, lies in st. petersburg. russian statesmen unleashed the war through policy decisions based on imperial ambitions in the near east.

28 June Sarajevo 1914 - Versailles 1919: The War and Peace That Made the Modern World

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Author by : Alan Sharp
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 1908323760
Identifier : 9781908323767
Release : 2014-08-15
Publisher by : Haus Publishing
Category : History
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Description : Read Now 28 June by Alan Sharp and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. on june 28, 1919, the peace treaty was signed in the hall of mirrors at versailles, five years to the day after the assassination of archduke franz ferdinand in sarajevo triggered europe's precipitous descent into war. this war was the first conflict to be fought on a global scale. by its end in 1918, four empires had collapsed, and their minority populations, which had never before existed as independent entities, were encouraged to seek self-determination and nationhood. following on from haus’s monumental thirty-two volume series on the signatories of the versailles peace treaty, the makers of the modern world, 28 june looks in greater depth at the smaller nations that are often ignored in general histories, and in doing so seeks to understand the conflict from a global perspective, asking not only how each of the signatories came to join the conflict but also giving an overview of the long-term consequences of their having done so.

The War that Ended Peace How Europe abandoned peace for the First World War

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Author by : Margaret MacMillan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1267
Isbn : 1847654169
Identifier : 9781847654168
Release : 2013-10-17
Publisher by : Profile Books
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The War That Ended Peace by Margaret MacMillan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. winner of the international affairs book of the year at the political book awards 2014longlisted for the samuel johnson prize 2013 the first world war followed a period of sustained peace in europe during which people talked with confidence of prosperity, progress and hope. but in 1914, europe walked into a catastrophic conflict which killed millions of its men, bled its economies dry, shook empires and societies to pieces, and fatally undermined europe's dominance of the world. it was a war which could have been avoided up to the last moment-so why did it happen? beginning in the early nineteenth century, and ending with the assassination of arch duke franz ferdinand, award-winning historian margaret macmillan uncovers the huge political and technological changes, national decisions and -- just as important-the small moments of human muddle and weakness that led europe from peace to disaster. this masterful exploration of how europe chose its path towards war will change and enrich how we see this defining moment in our history.

The Second Ottoman Empire Political and Social Transformation in the Early Modern World

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Author by : Baki Tezcan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 0521519497
Identifier : 9780521519496
Release : 2010-09-13
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Second Ottoman Empire by Baki Tezcan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book is a post-revisionist history of the late ottoman empire that makes a major contribution to ottoman scholarship.

The Sleepwalkers How Europe Went to War in 1914

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Author by : Christopher Clark
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 736
Isbn : 0062199226
Identifier : 9780062199225
Release : 2013-03-19
Publisher by : Harper Collins
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The Sleepwalkers by Christopher Clark and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. one of the new york times book review’s 10 best books of the year winner of the los angeles times book prize (history) the sleepwalkers: how europe went to war in 1914 is historian christopher clark’s riveting account of the explosive beginnings of world war i. drawing on new scholarship, clark offers a fresh look at world war i, focusing not on the battles and atrocities of the war itself, but on the complex events and relationships that led a group of well-meaning leaders into brutal conflict. clark traces the paths to war in a minute-by-minute, action-packed narrative that cuts between the key decision centers in vienna, berlin, st. petersburg, paris, london, and belgrade, and examines the decades of history that informed the events of 1914 and details the mutual misunderstandings and unintended signals that drove the crisis forward in a few short weeks. meticulously researched and masterfully written, christopher clark’s the sleepwalkers is a dramatic and authoritative chronicle of europe’s descent into a war that tore the world apart.

War and Collapse World War I and the Ottoman State

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Author by : M. Hakan Yavuz
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 1505
Isbn : 9781607814610
Identifier : 1607814617
Release : 2016
Publisher by : no defined
Category : Turkey
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Description : Read Now War And Collapse by M. Hakan Yavuz and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. an unprecedented scholarly effort surveying the very important, but neglected role of and consequences for the ottoman state of world war i

The "German Spirit" in the Ottoman and Turkish Army, 1908-1938 A history of military knowledge transfer

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Author by : Gerhard Grüßhaber
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 311055478X
Identifier : 9783110554786
Release : 2018-04-09
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The German Spirit In The Ottoman And Turkish Army 1908 1938 by Gerhard Grüßhaber and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the study focuses on the mutual transfer of military knowledge between the german and the ottoman/ turkish army between the 1908 young turk revolution and the death of atatürk in 1938. whereas the ottoman and later the turkish army were the main beneficiaries of this selective appropriation, the german armed forces evaluated their (prospective) ally’s military experiences to a lesser extent. through the analysis of archival and published sources and memoir literature the study provides evidence for the impact of this exchange on the armies of both countries and on the turkish civil society. indeed, the officer corps in both countries was a small but influential group of the society for the further development of their nations.

The First World War in the Middle East

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Author by : Kristian Ulrichsen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 263
Isbn : 1849042748
Identifier : 9781849042741
Release : 2014
Publisher by : Hurst & Company Limited
Category : History
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Description : Read Now The First World War In The Middle East by Kristian Ulrichsen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the first world war in the middle east is an accessibly written military and social history of the clash of world empires in the dardanelles, egypt and palestine, mesopotamia, persia and the caucasus. coates ulrichsen demonstrates how wartime exigencies shaped the parameters of the modern middle east, and describes and assesses the major campaigns against the ottoman empire and germany involving british and imperial troops from the french and russian empires, as well as their arab and armenian allies. also documented are the enormous logistical demands placed on host societies by the great powers' conduct of industrialised warfare in hostile terrain. the resulting deepening of imperial penetration, and the extension of state controls across a heterogeneous sprawl of territories, generated a powerful backlash both during and immediately after the war, which played a pivotal role in shaping national identities as the ottoman empire was dismembered. this is a multidimensional account of the many seemingly discrete yet interlinked campaigns that resulted in one to one and a half million casualties. it details not just their military outcome but relates them to intelligence-gathering, industrial organisation, authoritarianism and the political economy of empires at war.

A World Undone The Story of the Great War 1914 to 1918

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Author by : G. J. Meyer
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 777
Isbn : 0553382403
Identifier : 9780553382402
Release : 2007
Publisher by : Bantam
Category : History
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Description : Read Now A World Undone by G. J. Meyer and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. a narrative of the first world war examines the brutal conflict that transformed the face of europe, paved the way for the soviet union and hitler, and had long lasting repercussions.