The Rejection Of Continental Drift

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The Rejection of Continental Drift Theory and Method in American Earth Science

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Author by : Naomi Oreskes
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 432
Isbn : 9780195353600
Identifier : 0195353609
Release : 1999-04-01
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Rejection Of Continental Drift by Naomi Oreskes and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in the early twentieth century, american earth scientists were united in their opposition to the new--and highly radical--notion of continental drift, even going so far as to label the theory "unscientific." some fifty years later, however, continental drift was heralded as a major scientific breakthrough and today it is accepted as scientific fact. why did american geologists reject so adamantly an idea that is now considered a cornerstone of the discipline? and why were their european colleagues receptive to it so much earlier? this book, based on extensive archival research on three continents, provides important new answers while giving the first detailed account of the american geological community in the first half of the century. challenging previous historical work on this episode, naomi oreskes shows that continental drift was not rejected for the lack of a causal mechanism, but because it seemed to conflict with the basic standards of practice in american geology. this account provides a compelling look at how scientific ideas are made and unmade.

The Rejection of Continental Drift Theory and Method in American Earth Science

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Author by : Naomi Oreskes
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 420
Isbn : 0195117336
Identifier : 9780195117332
Release : 1999
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Rejection Of Continental Drift by Naomi Oreskes and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. why did american geologists reject the notion of continental drift, first posed in 1915? and why did british scientists view the theory as a pleasing confirmation? this text, based on archival resources, provides answers to these questions.

The rejection of continental drift theory and method in American earth science

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Author by : Naomi Oreskes
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 420
Isbn :
Identifier : UOM:39015043815656
Release : 1999
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Rejection Of Continental Drift by Naomi Oreskes and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. why did american geologists reject the notion of continental drift, first posed in 1915? and why did british scientists view the theory as a pleasing confirmation? this text, based on archival resources, provides answers to these questions.

Ending in Ice The Revolutionary Idea and Tragic Expedition of Alfred Wegener

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Author by : Roger M. McCoy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 208
Isbn : 9780199774951
Identifier : 0199774951
Release : 2006-06-22
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Ending In Ice by Roger M. McCoy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. an old truism holds that a scientific discovery has three stages: first, people deny it is true; then they deny it is important; finally, they credit the wrong person. alfred wegener's "discovery" of continental drift went through each stage with unusual drama. in 1915, when he published his theory that the world's continents had once come together in a single landmass before splitting apart and drifting to their current positions, the world's geologists denied and scorned it. the scientific establishment's rejection of continental drift and plate tectonic theory is a story told often and well. yet, there is an untold side to wegener's life: he and his famous father-in-law, wladimir köppen (a climatologist whose classification of climates is still in use), became fascinated with climates of the geologic past. in the early 20th century wegener made four expeditions to the then-uncharted greenland icecap to gather data about climate variations (greenland ice-core sampling continues to this day). ending in ice is about wegener's explorations of greenland, blending the science of ice ages and wegener's continental drift measurements with the story of wegener's fatal expedition trying to bring desperately needed food and fuel to workers at the central greenland ice station of eismitte in 1930. arctic exploration books with tragic endings have become all too common, but this book combines wegener's fatal adventures in greenland with the relevant science--now more important than ever as global climate change becomes movie-worthy ("the day after tomorrow").

Continents and Supercontinents

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Author by : John J. W. Rogers
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 289
Isbn : 0195165896
Identifier : 9780195165890
Release : 2004-09-16
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Continents And Supercontinents by John J. W. Rogers and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. surveys the origin of continents, and the accretion and breakup of supercontinents through earth history. this book also shows how these processes affected the composition of seawater, climate, and the evolution of life.

Plate Tectonics An Insider's History Of The Modern Theory Of The Earth

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Author by : Naomi Oreskes
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 448
Isbn : 0429977913
Identifier : 9780429977916
Release : 2018-01-31
Publisher by : CRC Press
Category : Science
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The Continental Drift Controversy

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Author by : Henry R. Frankel
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 625
Isbn : 0521875048
Identifier : 9780521875042
Release : 2012-04-26
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The Continental Drift Controversy by Henry R. Frankel and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the definitive account of the early debate over wegener's theory of continental drift, based on extensive interviews and archival material.

The Continental Drift Controversy: Volume 1, Wegener and the Early Debate

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Author by : Henry R. Frankel
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 628
Isbn : 1316616045
Identifier : 9781316616048
Release : 2017-02
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Category :
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Description : Read Now The Continental Drift Controversy Volume 1 Wegener And The Early Debate by Henry R. Frankel and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the definitive account of the early debate over wegener's theory of continental drift, based on extensive interviews and archival material.

Alfred Wegener Science, Exploration, and the Theory of Continental Drift

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Author by : Mott T. Greene
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 675
Isbn : 142141712X
Identifier : 9781421417127
Release : 2015-10-09
Publisher by : JHU Press
Category : Biography & Autobiography
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Description : Read Now Alfred Wegener by Mott T. Greene and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. "the author of the theory of continental drift - the direct ancestor of the modern theory of plate tectonics and one of the key scientific concepts of the past century - wegener also made major contributions to geology, geophysics, astronomy, geodesy, atmospheric physics, meteorology, and glaciology. remarkably, he completed this pathbreaking work while grappling variously with financial difficulty, war, economic depression, scientific isolation, illness, and injury. he ultimately died of overexertion on a journey to probe the greenland icecap and calculate its rate of drift. greene places wegener{u2019}s upbringing and theoretical advances in earth science in the context of his brilliantly eclectic career, bringing wegener to life by analyzing his published scientific work, delving into all of his surviving letters and journals, and tracing both his passionate commitment to science and his thrilling experiences as a polar explorer, a military officer during world war i, and a world-record{u2013}setting balloonist."--from publisher description.

Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences From Heresy to Truth

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Author by : James Lawrence Powell
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 352
Isbn : 0231538456
Identifier : 9780231538459
Release : 2014-12-23
Publisher by : Columbia University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Four Revolutions In The Earth Sciences by James Lawrence Powell and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the course of the twentieth century, scientists came to accept four counterintuitive yet fundamental facts about the earth: deep time, continental drift, meteorite impact, and global warming. when first suggested, each proposition violated scientific orthodoxy and was quickly denounced as scientific—and sometimes religious—heresy. nevertheless, after decades of rejection, scientists came to accept each theory. the stories behind these four discoveries reflect more than the fascinating push and pull of scientific work. they reveal the provocative nature of science and how it raises profound and sometimes uncomfortable truths as it advances. for example, counter to common sense, the earth and the solar system are older than all of human existence; the interactions among the moving plates and the continents they carry account for nearly all of the earth's surface features; and nearly every important feature of our solar system results from the chance collision of objects in space. most surprising of all, we humans have altered the climate of an entire planet and now threaten the future of civilization. this absorbing scientific history is the only book to describe the evolution of these four ideas from heresy to truth, showing how science works in practice and how it inevitably corrects the mistakes of its practitioners. scientists can be wrong, but they do not stay wrong. in the process, astonishing ideas are born, tested, and over time take root.

The American Development of Biology

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Author by : Ronald Rainger
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 380
Isbn : 9780813517025
Identifier : 0813517028
Release : 1991
Publisher by : Rutgers University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now The American Development Of Biology by Ronald Rainger and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the papers in this volume represent original work to celebrate the centenary of the american society of zoologists. they illustrate the impressive nature of historical scholarship that has subsequently focused on the development of biology in the united states.

Conceptual Revolutions

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Author by : Paul Thagard
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 285
Isbn : 9780691024905
Identifier : 0691024901
Release : 1993
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Conceptual Revolutions by Paul Thagard and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. in this path-breaking work, paul thagard draws on history and philosophy of science, cognitive psychology, and the field of artificial intelligence to develop a theory of conceptual change capable of accounting for all major scientific revolutions. the history of science contains dramatic episodes of revolutionary change in which whole systems of concepts have been replaced by new systems. for example, copernicus's theory of the solar system supplanted ptolemy's, and darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection replaced earlier creationist views. thagard provides a new and comprehensive perspective on the transformation of scientific conceptual systems. in addition to examining the copernican and the darwinian revolutions, thagard turns his attention to the emergence of newton's mechanics, lavoisier's oxygen theory, einstein's theory of relativity, quantum theory, and the geological theory of plate tectonics. he discusses the psychological mechanisms by which new concepts and links between them are formed, and advances a computational theory of explanatory coherence to show how new theories can be judged to be superior to previous ones. to assess whether the field of psychology has undergone revolutions similar to those in physics, chemistry, biology, and geology, he describes the nature and growth of behaviorism and cognitivism. finally, he compares the transformations in scientific revolutions with the kinds of conceptual change that developmental psychologists have observed in children. conceptual revolutions is essential reading for historians and philosophers of science, and has important implications as well for research in cognitive science. it is clearly written and shouldbe accessible to anyone interested in problems of scientific change.