Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights For Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 9400748531
Identifier : 9789400748538
Release : 2012-09-27
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 4679391
Total Read : 5115846
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 9252578
Total Read : 1614161
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.

Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

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Author by : David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 9659061
Total Read : 2167167
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

Entrepreneurship in Cities Neighbourhoods, Households and Homes

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Author by : Colin Mason, Darja Reuschke, Stephen Syrett, Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 304
Isbn : 1784712000
Identifier : 9781784712006
Release : 2015-12-18
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 1618533
Total Read : 3335731
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Description : Read Now Entrepreneurship In Cities by Colin Mason, Darja Reuschke, Stephen Syrett, Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. entrepreneurship in cities focuses on the neglected role of the home and the residential neighbourhood context for entrepreneurship and businesses within cities. the overall objective of the book is to develop a new interdisciplinary perspective that links entrepreneurship research with neighbourhood and urban studies. a key contribution is to show that entrepreneurship in cities is more than agglomeration economies and high-tech clusters. this is the first book to connect entrepreneurship with neighbourhoods and homes, recognising that business activity in the city is not confined to central business districts, high streets and industrial estates but is also found in residential neighbourhoods. it highlights the importance of home-based businesses for the economy of cities. these often overlooked types of businesses and workers significantly contribute to the ‘buzz’ that makes cities favourable places to live and work.

Smoking Geographies Space, Place and Tobacco

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Author by : Ross Barnett, Graham Moon, Jamie Pearce, Lee Thompson, Liz Twigg
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 312
Isbn : 1444361929
Identifier : 9781444361926
Release : 2016-12-27
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Science
Total Download : 8641603
Total Read : 9683980
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Description : Read Now Smoking Geographies by Ross Barnett, Graham Moon, Jamie Pearce, Lee Thompson, Liz Twigg and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. smoking geographies provides a research-led assessment of the impact of geographical factors on smoking. the contributors uncover how geography can show us not only why people smoke but also broader issues of tobacco control, providing deeper clarity on how smoking and tobacco is ‘governed’. the text centres on one of the most important public health issues worldwide, and a major determinant of preventable mortality and morbidity in developed and developing countries records the outcomes of a long-term research collaboration that brings a geographical lens to smoking behaviour uncovers how geography can play a part in understanding not only why people smoke but also broader issues of tobacco control provides a deeper understanding of how smoking and tobacco is ‘governed’, regarding where people may smoke, but also more subtle governance as a climate is produced in which smoking becomes ‘denormalised’ brings both quantitative and qualitative perspectives to bear on this major source of mortality and morbidity

Entrepreneurial Neighbourhoods

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, Darja Reuschke, Reinout Kleinhans, Colin Mason, Stephen Syrett
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 1785367242
Identifier : 9781785367243
Release : 2017-07-28
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Category :
Total Download : 2811133
Total Read : 1740046
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Description : Read Now Entrepreneurial Neighbourhoods by Maarten van Ham, Darja Reuschke, Reinout Kleinhans, Colin Mason, Stephen Syrett and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. despite the growing evidence on the importance of the neighbourhood, entrepreneurship studies have largely neglected the role of neighbourhoods. this book addresses the nexus between entrepreneurship, neighbourhoods and communities, confirming not only the importance of ‘the local’ in entrepreneurship, but also filling huge gaps in the knowledge base regarding this tripartite relationship.

Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities East Meets West

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Author by : Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham, Szymon Marcińczak, Sako Musterd
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 390
Isbn : 1317637488
Identifier : 9781317637486
Release : 2015-07-24
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 29129
Total Read : 6176315
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Description : Read Now Socio Economic Segregation In European Capital Cities by Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham, Szymon Marcińczak, Sako Musterd and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. growing inequalities in europe are a major challenge threatening the sustainability of urban communities and the competiveness of european cities. while the levels of socio-economic segregation in european cities are still modest compared to some parts of the world, the poor are increasingly concentrating spatially within capital cities across europe. an overlooked area of research, this book offers a systematic and representative account of the spatial dimension of rising inequalities in europe. this book provides rigorous comparative evidence on socio-economic segregation from 13 european cities. cities include amsterdam, athens, budapest, london, milan, madrid, oslo, prague, riga, stockholm, tallinn, vienna and vilnius. comparing 2001 and 2011, this multi-factor approach links segregation to four underlying universal structural factors: social inequalities, global city status, welfare regimes and housing systems. hypothetical segregation levels derived from those factors are compared to actual segregation levels in all cities. each chapter provides an in-depth and context sensitive discussion of the unique features shaping inequalities and segregation in the case study cities. the main conclusion of the book is that the spatial gap between the poor and the rich is widening in capital cities across europe, which threatens to harm the social stability of european cities. this book will be a key reference on increasing segregation and will provide valuable insights to students, researchers and policy makers who are interested in the spatial dimension of social inequality in european cities. a pdf version of the introduction and conclusion are available open access at www.tandfebooks.com. it has been made available under a creative commons attribution-non commercial-no derivatives 3.0 license.

Housing and Neighborhood Dynamics A Simulation Study

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Author by : John F. Kain, William C. Apgar, William C. Apgar, Jr.
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 272
Isbn : 9780674409309
Identifier : 0674409302
Release : 1985
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
Category : Business & Economics
Total Download : 7345625
Total Read : 7656043
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Description : Read Now Housing And Neighborhood Dynamics by John F. Kain, William C. Apgar, William C. Apgar, Jr. and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this book assesses the effects of spatially concentrated programs for housing and neighborhood improvement. these programs provide direct assistance to low–income property owners in an attempt to arrest neighborhood decline and encourage revitalization. the authors used the harvard urban development simulation model (huds) in evaluating these programs. huds, a large–scale computer model, represents the process of housing rehabilitation, the production and consumption of housing services, household moving decisions, and other determinant of neighborhood change. the model simulates the behavior of approximately 80,000 individual households in two hundred residential neighborhoods of various quality levels. unlike more aggregate models of urban development, huds has the capacity to identify how specific housing policies affect individual households as well as particular neighborhoods. since program evaluations are no better than the models on which they are based, the authors provide sufficient detail to permit those readers primarily interested in the policy analysis to assess the methodology and to understandhow the policies are represented in the model; a more technical discussion of the model is then presented in appendixes. although the simulations focus on policies that induce central–city property owners to upgrade their properties and thus stimulate revitalization, many of the authors' findings are relevant to larger issues of urban development. for example, the analysis of how housing rehabilitation subsidies affect the investment behavior of nonsubsidized property owners provides insights about the link between initial upgrading and sustained neighborhood improvement. the analysis also demonstrates how differences in location, household, and housing stock characteristics affect a particular neighborhood's responsiveness to a common policy initiative.

Neighborhood Decline

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Author by : Ronald van Kempen, Gideon Bolt, Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 141
Isbn : 9781138744707
Identifier : 1138744700
Release : 2017-05-27
Publisher by : Routledge
Category :
Total Download : 2466783
Total Read : 8144262
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Description : Read Now Neighborhood Decline by Ronald van Kempen, Gideon Bolt, Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the global financial and economic crisis that hit the world since 2008 has affected the lives of many people all over the world and resulted in declining incomes, rising unemployment, foreclosures, forced residential moves, and cut-backs in government expenditure. the extent to which the crisis has affected urban neighborhoods and has led to rising intra-urban inequalities, has not yet received much attention. the implemented budget cuts and austerity programs of national and local governments are likely to have hit some neighborhoods more than others. the authors of this this book, which come from a variety of countries and disciplines, show that the economic crisis has affected poor neighborhoods more severely than more affluent ones. the tendency of the state to retreat from these neighborhoods has negative consequences for their residents and may even nullify the investments that have been made in many poor neighborhoods in the recent past. this book was originally published as a special issue of urban geography.

Neighborhood Poverty, Volume 1 Context and Consequences for Children

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Author by : Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 356
Isbn : 9780871541451
Identifier : 0871541459
Release : 1997-11-06
Publisher by : Russell Sage Foundation
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 9334195
Total Read : 5356016
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Description : Read Now Neighborhood Poverty Volume 1 by Jeanne Brooks-Gunn and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. perhaps the most alarming phenomenon in american cities has been the transformation of many neighborhoods into isolated ghettos where poverty is the norm and violent crime, drug use, out-of-wedlock births, and soaring school dropout rates are rampant. public concern over these destitute areas has focused on their most vulnerable inhabitants—children and adolescents. how profoundly does neighborhood poverty endanger their well-being and development? is the influence of neighborhood more powerful than that of the family? neighborhood poverty: context and consequences for children approaches these questions with an insightful and wide-ranging investigation into the effect of community poverty on children's physical health, cognitive and verbal abilities, educational attainment, and social adjustment. this two-volume set offers the most current research and analysis from experts in the fields of child development, social psychology, sociology and economics. drawing from national and city-based sources, volume i reports the empirical evidence concerning the relationship between children and community. as the essays demonstrate, poverty entails a host of problems that affects the quality of educational, recreational, and child care services. poor neighborhoods usually share other negative features—particularly racial segregation and a preponderance of single mother families—that may adversely affect children. yet children are not equally susceptible to the pitfalls of deprived communities. neighborhood has different effects depending on a child's age, race, and gender, while parenting techniques and a family's degree of community involvement also serve as mitigating factors. volume ii incorporates empirical data on neighborhood poverty into discussions of policy and program development. the contributors point to promising community initiatives and suggest methods to strengthen neighborhood-based service programs for children. several essays analyze the conceptual and methodological issues surrounding the measurement of neighborhood characteristics. these essays focus on the need to expand scientific insight into urban poverty by drawing on broader pools of ethnographic, epidemiological, and quantitative data. volume ii explores the possibilities for a richer and more well-rounded understanding of neighborhood and poverty issues. to grasp the human cost of poverty, we must clearly understand how living in distressed neighborhoods impairs children's ability to function at every level. neighborhood poverty explores the multiple and complex paths between community, family, and childhood development. these two volumes provide and indispensible guide for social policy and demonstrate the power of interdisciplinary social science to probe complex social issues.

Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 534
Isbn : 0226734560
Identifier : 9780226734569
Release : 2012-02-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Political Science
Total Download : 5346525
Total Read : 1873105
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring effect of place, this text reviews a decade of research in chicago, to demonstrate how neighborhoods influence social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement & altruism.

Housing Markets and Public Policy

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Author by : William Gilchriest Grigsby
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 346
Isbn : 9781258245450
Identifier : 1258245450
Release : 2012-03-01
Publisher by :
Category :
Total Download : 3687864
Total Read : 6362409
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Description : Read Now Housing Markets And Public Policy by William Gilchriest Grigsby and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account.

Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 2950384
Total Read : 7976645
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham, David Manley, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, Duncan Maclennan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.

Puzzling Neighbourhood Effects Spatial Selection, Ethnic Concentration and Neighbourhood Impacts

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Author by : Wenda Doff
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 174
Isbn : 1607506483
Identifier : 9781607506485
Release : 2010-01-01
Publisher by : IOS Press
Category : Social Science
Total Download : 7603415
Total Read : 6270174
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Description : Read Now Puzzling Neighbourhood Effects by Wenda Doff and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. wenda doff is an urban sociologist. her research focuses on the interrelationships between housing choice, residential sorting, segregation and neighbourhood effects. her phd thesis puzzling neighbourhood effects contributes to a more holistic view on segregation and its potential significance for immigrants' socio-economic outcomes. at otb she has been involved in many projects, among which studies on residential segregation, housing choice and housing allocation, neighbourhood change and the social implications of urban restructuring.

Ethnicity and Integration

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Author by : John Stillwell, Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 320
Isbn : 9789048191031
Identifier : 9048191033
Release : 2010-07-20
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Medical
Total Download : 2467725
Total Read : 5664491
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Description : Read Now Ethnicity And Integration by John Stillwell, Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the theme of this volume is ethnicity and the implications for integration of our increasingly ethnically diversified population. new research findings from a range of census, survey and administrative data sources are presented, and case studies are included.

Housing Estates in Europe Poverty, Ethnic Segregation and Policy Challenges

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Author by : Daniel Baldwin Hess, Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 3319928139
Identifier : 9783319928135
Release : 2018-08-14
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
Total Download : 4561922
Total Read : 751154
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Description : Read Now Housing Estates In Europe by Daniel Baldwin Hess, Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in europe. are these estates clustered or scattered? which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? what is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment composition, services and neighbourhood amenities, and metropolitan connectivity? how do housing estates contribute to the urban mosaic of neighborhoods by ethnic and socio-economic status? what types of policies and planning initiatives have been implemented in order to prevent the social downgrading of housing estates? the collection of chapters in this book addresses these questions from a new perspective previously unexplored in scholarly literature. the social aspects of housing estates are thoroughly investigated (including socio-demographic and economic characteristics of current and past inhabitants; ethnicity and segregation patterns; population dynamics; etc.), and the physical composition of housing estates is described in significant detail (including building materials; building form; architectural and landscape design; built environment characteristics; etc.). this book is timely because the recent global economic crisis and europe’s immigration crisis demand a thorough investigation of the role large housing estates play in poverty and ethnic concentration. through case studies of housing estates in 14 european centers, the book also identifies policy measures that have been used to address challenges in housing estates throughout europe.