Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights For Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 284
Isbn : 9400748531
Identifier : 9789400748538
Release : 2012-09-27
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this rare interdisciplinary combination of research into neighbourhood dynamics and effects attempts to unravel the complex relationship between disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the life outcomes of the residents who live therein. it seeks to overcome the notorious difficulties of establishing an empirical causal relationship between living in a disadvantaged area and the poorer health and well-being often found in such places. there remains a widespread belief in neighbourhood effects: that living in a poorer area can adversely affect residents’ life chances. these chapters caution that neighbourhood effects cannot be fully understood without a profound understanding of the changes to, and selective mobility into and out of, these areas. featuring fresh research findings from a number of countries and data sources, including from the uk, australia, sweden and the usa, this book offers fresh perspectives on neighbourhood choice and dynamics, as well as new material for social scientists, geographers and policy makers alike. it enriches neighbourhood effects research with insights from the closely related, but currently largely separate, literature on neighbourhood dynamics.

Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context

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Author by : David Manley
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 296
Isbn : 9400766955
Identifier : 9789400766952
Release : 2013-06-26
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Or Neighbourhood Based Problems? by David Manley and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this edited volume critically examines the link between area based policies, neighbourhood based problems, and neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. over the last few decades, western governments have persistently pursued area based policies to fight such effects, despite a lack of evidence that they exist, or that these policies make a difference. the first part of this book presents case studies of perceived neighbourhood based problems in the domains of crime; health; educational outcomes; and employment. the second part of the book presents an international overview of the policies that different governments have implemented in response to these neighbourhood based problems, and discusses the theoretical and conceptual processes behind place based policy making. case studies are drawn from a diverse range of countries including the united kingdom, the netherlands, australia, canada, and the usa.

Entrepreneurship in Cities Neighbourhoods, Households and Homes

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Author by : Colin Mason
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 304
Isbn : 1784712000
Identifier : 9781784712006
Release : 2015-12-18
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Entrepreneurship In Cities by Colin Mason and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. entrepreneurship in cities focuses on the neglected role of the home and the residential neighbourhood context for entrepreneurship and businesses within cities. the overall objective of the book is to develop a new interdisciplinary perspective that links entrepreneurship research with neighbourhood and urban studies. a key contribution is to show that entrepreneurship in cities is more than agglomeration economies and high-tech clusters. this is the first book to connect entrepreneurship with neighbourhoods and homes, recognising that business activity in the city is not confined to central business districts, high streets and industrial estates but is also found in residential neighbourhoods. it highlights the importance of home-based businesses for the economy of cities. these often overlooked types of businesses and workers significantly contribute to the ‘buzz’ that makes cities favourable places to live and work.

Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.

Smoking Geographies Space, Place and Tobacco

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Author by : Ross Barnett
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 312
Isbn : 1444361929
Identifier : 9781444361926
Release : 2016-12-27
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Smoking Geographies by Ross Barnett and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. smoking geographies provides a research-led assessment of the impact of geographical factors on smoking. the contributors uncover how geography can show us not only why people smoke but also broader issues of tobacco control, providing deeper clarity on how smoking and tobacco is ‘governed’. the text centres on one of the most important public health issues worldwide, and a major determinant of preventable mortality and morbidity in developed and developing countries records the outcomes of a long-term research collaboration that brings a geographical lens to smoking behaviour uncovers how geography can play a part in understanding not only why people smoke but also broader issues of tobacco control provides a deeper understanding of how smoking and tobacco is ‘governed’, regarding where people may smoke, but also more subtle governance as a climate is produced in which smoking becomes ‘denormalised’ brings both quantitative and qualitative perspectives to bear on this major source of mortality and morbidity

Neighbourhood Effects Research: New Perspectives

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 300
Isbn : 9789400723092
Identifier : 9400723091
Release : 2011-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Neighbourhood Effects Research New Perspectives by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. over the last 25 years a vast body of literature has been published on neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in more deprived neighbourhoods has a negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their individual characteristics. the volume of work not only reflects academic and policy interest in this topic, but also the fact that we are still no closer to answering the question of how important neighbourhood effects actually are. there is little doubt that these effects exist, but we do not know enough about the causal mechanisms which produce them, their relative importance in shaping individual’s life chances, the circumstances or conditions under which they are most important, or the most effective policy responses. collectively, the chapters in this book offer new perspectives on these questions, and refocus the academic debate on neighbourhood effects. the book enriches the neighbourhood effects literature with insights from a wide range of disciplines and countries.

Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities East Meets West

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Author by : Tiit Tammaru
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 390
Isbn : 1317637488
Identifier : 9781317637486
Release : 2015-07-24
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Socio Economic Segregation In European Capital Cities by Tiit Tammaru and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. growing inequalities in europe are a major challenge threatening the sustainability of urban communities and the competiveness of european cities. while the levels of socio-economic segregation in european cities are still modest compared to some parts of the world, the poor are increasingly concentrating spatially within capital cities across europe. an overlooked area of research, this book offers a systematic and representative account of the spatial dimension of rising inequalities in europe. this book provides rigorous comparative evidence on socio-economic segregation from 13 european cities. cities include amsterdam, athens, budapest, london, milan, madrid, oslo, prague, riga, stockholm, tallinn, vienna and vilnius. comparing 2001 and 2011, this multi-factor approach links segregation to four underlying universal structural factors: social inequalities, global city status, welfare regimes and housing systems. hypothetical segregation levels derived from those factors are compared to actual segregation levels in all cities. each chapter provides an in-depth and context sensitive discussion of the unique features shaping inequalities and segregation in the case study cities. the main conclusion of the book is that the spatial gap between the poor and the rich is widening in capital cities across europe, which threatens to harm the social stability of european cities. this book will be a key reference on increasing segregation and will provide valuable insights to students, researchers and policy makers who are interested in the spatial dimension of social inequality in european cities. a pdf version of the introduction and conclusion are available open access at www.tandfebooks.com. it has been made available under a creative commons attribution-non commercial-no derivatives 3.0 license.

Housing Estates in Europe Poverty, Ethnic Segregation and Policy Challenges

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Author by : Daniel Baldwin Hess
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 424
Isbn : 3319928139
Identifier : 9783319928135
Release : 2018-08-14
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Housing Estates In Europe by Daniel Baldwin Hess and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in europe. are these estates clustered or scattered? which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? what is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment composition, services and neighbourhood amenities, and metropolitan connectivity? how do housing estates contribute to the urban mosaic of neighborhoods by ethnic and socio-economic status? what types of policies and planning initiatives have been implemented in order to prevent the social downgrading of housing estates? the collection of chapters in this book addresses these questions from a new perspective previously unexplored in scholarly literature. the social aspects of housing estates are thoroughly investigated (including socio-demographic and economic characteristics of current and past inhabitants; ethnicity and segregation patterns; population dynamics; etc.), and the physical composition of housing estates is described in significant detail (including building materials; building form; architectural and landscape design; built environment characteristics; etc.). this book is timely because the recent global economic crisis and europe’s immigration crisis demand a thorough investigation of the role large housing estates play in poverty and ethnic concentration. through case studies of housing estates in 14 european centers, the book also identifies policy measures that have been used to address challenges in housing estates throughout europe.

Entrepreneurial Neighbourhoods

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Author by : Maarten van Ham
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 1785367242
Identifier : 9781785367243
Release : 2017-07-28
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Category :
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Description : Read Now Entrepreneurial Neighbourhoods by Maarten van Ham and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. despite the growing evidence on the importance of the neighbourhood, entrepreneurship studies have largely neglected the role of neighbourhoods. this book addresses the nexus between entrepreneurship, neighbourhoods and communities, confirming not only the importance of ‘the local’ in entrepreneurship, but also filling huge gaps in the knowledge base regarding this tripartite relationship.

Handbook of the Sociology of Gender

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Author by : Barbara J. Risman
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 559
Isbn : 3319763334
Identifier : 9783319763330
Release : 2018-06-05
Publisher by : Springer
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Handbook Of The Sociology Of Gender by Barbara J. Risman and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this handbook provides a comprehensive view of the field of the sociology of gender. it presents the most important theories about gender and methods used to study gender, as well as extensive coverage of the latest research on gender in the most important areas of social life, including gendered bodies, sexuality, carework, paid labor, social movements, incarceration, migration, gendered violence, and others. building from previous publications this handbook includes a vast array of chapters from leading researchers in the sociological study of gender. it synthesizes the diverse field of gender scholarship into a cohesive theoretical framework, gender structure theory, in order to position the specific contributions of each author/chapter as part of a complex and multidimensional gender structure. through this organization of the handbook, readers do not only gain tremendous insight from each chapter, but they also attain a broader understanding of the way multiple gendered processes are interrelated and mutually constitutive. while the specific focus of the handbook is on gender, the chapters included in the volume also give significant attention to the interrelation of race, class, and other systems of stratification as they intersect and implicate gendered processes.

Great American City Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect

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Author by : Robert J. Sampson
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 534
Isbn : 0226734560
Identifier : 9780226734569
Release : 2012-02-15
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
Category : Political Science
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Description : Read Now Great American City by Robert J. Sampson and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. to demonstrate the powerfully enduring effect of place, this text reviews a decade of research in chicago, to demonstrate how neighborhoods influence social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement & altruism.

Negative Neighbourhood Reputation and Place Attachment The Production and Contestation of Territorial Stigma

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Author by : Paul Kirkness
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 233
Isbn : 1317089537
Identifier : 9781317089537
Release : 2017-04-21
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Category :
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Description : Read Now Negative Neighbourhood Reputation And Place Attachment by Paul Kirkness and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the concept of territorial stigma, as developed in large part by the urban sociologist loic wacquant, contends that certain groups of people are devalued, discredited and tainted by the reputation of the place where they reside. this book argues that this theory is more relevant and comprehensive than others that have been used to frame and understand ostracised neighbourhoods and their populations (for example segregation and the racialisation of place) and allows for an inclusive interpretation of the many spatial facets of marginalisation processes. advancing conceptual understanding of how territorial stigmatisation and its components unfold materially as well as symbolically, this book presents a wide range of case studies from the global south and global north, including an examination of recent policy measures that have been applied to deal with the consequences of territorial stigmatisation. it introduces readers to territorial stigmatisation's strategic deployment but also illustrates, in a number of regional contexts, the attachments that residents at times develop for the stigmatised places in which they live and the potential counter-forces that are developed against territorial stigmatisation by a variety of different groups.