Urban Poverty In The Global South Scale And Nature

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Urban Poverty in the Global South Scale and Nature

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Author by : Diana Mitlin
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 354
Isbn : 0415624665
Identifier : 9780415624664
Release : 2013
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Urban Poverty In The Global South by Diana Mitlin and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. one in seven of the world's population live in poverty in urban areas, and the vast majority of these live in the global south – mostly in overcrowded informal settlements with inadequate water, sanitation, health care and schools provision. this book explains how and why the scale and depth of urban poverty is so frequently under-estimated by governments and international agencies worldwide. the authors also consider whether economic growth does in fact reduce poverty, exploring the paradox of successful economies that show little evidence of decreasing poverty. many official figures on urban poverty, including those based on the us $1 per day poverty line, present a very misleading picture of urban poverty's scale. these common errors in definition and measurement by governments and international agencies lead to poor understanding of urban poverty and inadequate policy provision. this is compounded by the lack of voice and influence that low income groups have in these official spheres. this book explores many different aspects of urban poverty including the associated health burden, inadequate food intake, inadequate incomes, assets and livelihood security, poor living and working conditions and the absence of any rule of law. urban poverty in the global south: scale and nature fills the gap for a much needed systematic overview of the historical and contemporary state of urban poverty in the global south. this comprehensive and detailed book is a unique resource for students and lecturers in development studies, urban development, development geography, social policy, urban planning and design, and poverty reduction.

Reducing Urban Poverty in the Global South

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Author by : David Satterthwaite
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 306
Isbn : 1136249303
Identifier : 9781136249303
Release : 2013-08-15
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Reducing Urban Poverty In The Global South by David Satterthwaite and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. urban areas in the global south now house most of the world’s urban population and are projected to house almost all its increase between now and 2030. there is a growing recognition that the scale of urban poverty has been overlooked – and that it is increasing both in numbers and in the proportion of the world’s poor population that live and work in urban areas. this is the first book to review the effectiveness of different approaches to reducing urban poverty in the global south. it describes and discusses the different ways in which national and local governments, international agencies and civil society organizations are seeking to reduce urban poverty. different approaches are explored, for instance; market approaches, welfare, rights-based approaches and technical/professional support. the book also considers the roles of clientelism and of social movements. case studies illustrate different approaches and explore their effectiveness. reducing urban poverty in the global south also analyses the poverty reduction strategies developed by organized low-income groups especially those living in informal settlements. it explains how they and the federations or networks they have formed have demonstrated new approaches that have challenged adverse political relations and negotiated more effective support. local and national governments and international agencies can become far more effective at addressing urban poverty at scale by, as is proposed in this book, working with and supporting the urban poor and their organizations. this book will be an invaluable resource for researchers and postgraduate students in urban development, poverty reduction, urban geography, and for practitioners and organisations working in urban development programmes in the global south.

Urban Growth in Emerging Economies Lessons from the BRICS

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Author by : Gordon McGranahan
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 288
Isbn : 1317965000
Identifier : 9781317965008
Release : 2014-04-29
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Urban Growth In Emerging Economies by Gordon McGranahan and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. along with globalization, urban transitions have been central in the southward shift in economic power towards the newly emerging economies. as this book shows, however, these transitions have not been painless, and it is important for the rest of the urbanizing world to learn from the mistakes. it examines the role of urbanization and urban growth in the emerging economies, taking the brics countries (brazil, russia, india, china and south africa) as case studies. their different approaches towards urbanization have shaped their historical development paths and assisted or constrained their futures. several of the brics bear heavy burdens from past failures to accommodate urban growth inclusively and efficiently, and many other urbanizing countries in asia and africa are in danger of replicating their mistakes. the overriding lesson of the book is that cities and nations must anticipate urbanization, and accommodate urban growth pro-actively, so as not to be left with an enduring legacy of inequalities and lost opportunities. this book is aimed at students and researchers in urban studies and development studies. it will also be of interest to policy advisors concerned with urbanization and the role of cities in a country’s development

Cities, Slums and Gender in the Global South Towards a feminised urban future

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Author by : Sylvia Chant
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 326
Isbn : 1317950364
Identifier : 9781317950363
Release : 2015-12-22
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Cities Slums And Gender In The Global South by Sylvia Chant and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. developing regions are set to account for the vast majority of future urban growth, and women and girls will become the majority inhabitants of these locations in the global south. this is one of the first books to detail the challenges facing poorer segments of the female population who commonly reside in ‘slums’. it explores the variegated disadvantages of urban poverty and slum-dwelling from a gender perspective. this book revolves around conceptualisation of the ‘gender-urban-slum interface’ which explains key elements to understanding women’s experiences in slum environments. it has a specific focus on the ways in which gender inequalities are can be entrenched but also alleviated. included is a review of the demographic factors which are increasingly making cities everywhere ‘feminised spaces’, such as increased rural-urban migration among women, demographic ageing, and rising proportions of female-headed households in urban areas. discussions focus in particular on education, paid and unpaid work, access to land, property and urban services, violence, intra-urban mobility, and political participation and representation. this book will be of use to researchers and professionals concerned with gender and development, urbanisation and rural-urban migration.

Social Theories of Urban Violence in the Global South Towards Safe and Inclusive Cities

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Author by : Jennifer Erin Salahub
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 220
Isbn : 1351254707
Identifier : 9781351254700
Release : 2018-04-19
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now Social Theories Of Urban Violence In The Global South by Jennifer Erin Salahub and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. while cities often act as the engines of economic growth for developing countries, they are also frequently the site of growing violence, poverty, and inequality. yet, social theory, largely developed and tested in the global north, is often inadequate in tackling the realities of life in the dangerous parts of cities in the global south. drawing on the findings of an ambitious five-year, 15-project research programme, social theories of urban violence in the global south offers a uniquely southern perspective on the violence–poverty–inequalities dynamics in cities of the global south. through their research, urban violence experts based in low- and middle-income countries demonstrate how "urban violence" means different things to different people in different places. while some researchers adopt or adapt existing theoretical and conceptual frameworks, others develop and test new theories, each interpreting and operationalizing the concept of urban violence in the particular context in which they work. in particular, the book highlights the links between urban violence, poverty, and inequalities based on income, class, gender, and other social cleavages. providing important new perspectives from the global south, this book will be of interest to policymakers, academics, and students with an interest in violence and exclusion in the cities of developing countries.

Beyond the Networked City Infrastructure reconfigurations and urban change in the North and South

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Author by : Olivier Coutard
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 294
Isbn : 1317633695
Identifier : 9781317633693
Release : 2015-12-14
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Science
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Description : Read Now Beyond The Networked City by Olivier Coutard and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. cities around the world are undergoing profound changes. in this global era, we live in a world of rising knowledge economies, digital technologies, and awareness of environmental issues. the so-called "modern infrastructural ideal" of spatially and socially ubiquitous centrally-governed infrastructures providing exclusive, homogeneous services over extensive areas, has been the standard of reference for the provision of basic essential services, such as water and energy supply. this book argues that, after decades of undisputed domination, this ideal is being increasingly questioned and that the network ideology that supports it may be waning. in order to begin exploring the highly diverse, fluid and unstable landscapes emerging beyond the networked city, this book identifies dynamics through which a ‘break’ with previous configurations has been operated, and new brittle zones of socio-technical controversy through which urban infrastructure (and its wider meaning) are being negotiated and fought over. it uncovers, across a diverse set of urban contexts, new ways in which processes of urbanization and infrastructure production are being combined with crucial sociopolitical implications: through shifting political economies of infrastructure which rework resource distribution and value creation; through new infrastructural spaces and territorialities which rebundle socio-technical systems for particular interests and claims; and through changing offsets between individual and collective appropriation, experience and mobilization of infrastructure. with contributions from leading authorities in the field and drawing on theoretical advances and original empirical material, this book is a major contribution to an ongoing infrastructural turn in urban studies, and will be of interest to all those concerned by the diverse forms and contested outcomes of contemporary urban change across north and south.

The Fabric of Space Water, Modernity, and the Urban Imagination

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Author by : Matthew Gandy
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 368
Isbn : 0262028255
Identifier : 9780262028257
Release : 2014-10-31
Publisher by : MIT Press
Category : Architecture
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Description : Read Now The Fabric Of Space by Matthew Gandy and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. water lies at the intersection of landscape and infrastructure, crossing between visible and invisible domains of urban space, in the tanks and buckets of the global south and the vast subterranean technological networks of the global north. in this book, matthew gandy considers the cultural and material significance of water through the experiences of six cities: paris, berlin, lagos, mumbai, los angeles, and london. tracing the evolving relationships among modernity, nature, and the urban imagination, from different vantage points and through different periods, gandy uses water as a lens through which to observe both the ambiguities and the limits of nature as conventionally understood. gandy begins with the parisian sewers of the nineteenth century, captured in the photographs of nadar, and the reconstruction of subterranean paris. he moves on to weimar-era berlin and its protection of public access to lakes for swimming, the culmination of efforts to reconnect the city with nature. he considers the threat of malaria in lagos, where changing geopolitical circumstances led to large-scale swamp drainage in the 1940s. he shows how the dysfunctional water infrastructure of mumbai offers a vivid expression of persistent social inequality in a postcolonial city. he explores the incongruous concrete landscapes of the los angeles river. finally, gandy uses the fictional scenario of a partially submerged london as the starting point for an investigation of the actual hydrological threats facing that city.

Empowering Squatter Citizen Local Government, Civil Society, and Urban Poverty Reduction

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Author by : Diana Mitlin
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 336
Isbn : 1849771103
Identifier : 9781849771108
Release : 2013-06-17
Publisher by : Earthscan
Category : Architecture
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Description : Read Now Empowering Squatter Citizen by Diana Mitlin and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. with the rapid growth in urban poverty in africa, asia and latin america, most cities now have 30 to 60 per cent of their population living in shanty towns. the civil and political rights of these people are either ignored or constantly contravened. they face multiple deprivations, including hunger, long hours working for inadequate incomes; illness, injury and premature deaths that arise from dangerous living conditions and inadequate water supplies, sanitation and healthcare. many face the constant threat of eviction and other forms of violence. none of these problems can be addressed without local changes, and empowering squatter citizen contends that urban poverty is underpinned by the failure of national governments and aid agencies to support local processes. it makes the case for redirecting support to local organizations, whether governmental, non-governmental or grassroots. . the book includes case studies of innovative government organizations (in thailand, mexico, philippines and nicaragua) and community-driven processes (in india, south africa, pakistan and brazil), which illustrate more effective approaches to urban poverty reduction. such approaches include strengthening the organizations of the poor and homeless so that they are accountable to their members, are able to develop their own solutions and have more capacity to negotiate with the institutions that are meant to deliver infrastructure, services, credit and land for housing. such support for local processes is crucial for meeting the millennium development goals in urban areas.

The Business Solution to Poverty Designing Products and Services for Three Billion New Customers

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Author by : Paul Polak
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 264
Isbn : 1609940784
Identifier : 9781609940782
Release : 2013-09-09
Publisher by : Berrett-Koehler Publishers
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now The Business Solution To Poverty by Paul Polak and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the nearly three billion people living on $2 a day are not just the world?s greatest challenge?they represent an extraordinary market opportunity. the key is what paul polak and mal warwick call zero-based design: starting from scratch to create innovative products and services tailored for the very poor, armed with a thorough understanding of what they really want and need and driven by what polak and warwick call?the ruthless pursuit of affordability.? polak has been doing this work for years, and warwick has extensive experience in both business and philanthropy. together, they show how their design principles and vision can enable unapologetic capitalists to supply the very poor with clean drinking water, electricity, irrigation, housing, education, health care, and other necessities at a fraction of the usual cost and at profit margins comparable to those of businesses in the developed world. promising governmental and philanthropic efforts to end poverty have not reached scale because they lack the incentives of the market to attract massive resources. this book opens an extraordinary opportunity for nimble entrepreneurs, investors, and corporate executives that will result not only in vibrant, growing businesses but also a better life for the world?s poorest people.?one of the most hopeful propositions to come along in a long time. paul polak and mal warwick?s approach is original, ambitious, and practical?and it just may be the key to reducing the number of people in poverty on a very large scale. polak and warwick lay out a practical and systematic way to work on a global scale, transforming the lives of hundreds of millions of poor people.??president bill clinton.

The Politics of Slums in the Global South Urban Informality in Brazil, India, South Africa and Peru

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Author by : Véronique Dupont
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 230
Isbn : 1317557395
Identifier : 9781317557395
Release : 2015-08-27
Publisher by : Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now The Politics Of Slums In The Global South by Véronique Dupont and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. seeing urban politics from the perspective of those who reside in slums offers an important dimension to the study of urbanism in the global south. many people living in sub-standard conditions do not have their rights as urban citizens recognised and realise that they cannot rely on formal democratic channels or governance structures. through in-depth case studies and comparative research, the politics of slums in the global south: urban informality in brazil, india, south africa and peru integrates conceptual discussions on urban political dynamics with empirical material from research undertaken in rio de janeiro, delhi, chennai, cape town, durban and lima. the chapters engage with the relevant literature and present empirical material on urban governance and cities in the south, housing policy for the urban poor, the politics of knowledge and social mobilisation. recent theories on urban informality and subaltern urbanism are explored, and the issue of popular participation in public interventions is critically assessed. the book is aimed at a scholarly readership of postgraduate students and researchers in development studies, urban geography, political science, urban sociology and political geography. it is also of great value to urban decision-makers and practitioners.

Poverty and Inequality in Middle Income Countries Policy Achievements, Political Obstacles

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Author by : Einar Braathen
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 264
Isbn : 178360560X
Identifier : 9781783605606
Release : 2016-04-15
Publisher by : Zed Books Ltd.
Category : Business & Economics
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Description : Read Now Poverty And Inequality In Middle Income Countries by Einar Braathen and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. this collection offers a timely reassessment of viable ways of addressing poverty across the globe today. the profile of global poverty has changed dramatically over the past decade, and around three-quarters of the poor now live in middle income countries, making inequality a major issue. this requires us to fundamentally rethink anti-poverty strategies and policies, as many aspects of the established framework for poverty reduction are no longer effective. featuring contributions from latin america, africa and asia, this much-needed collection answers some of the key questions arising as development policy confronts the challenges of poverty and inequality on the global, national and local scale in both urban and rural contexts. providing poverty researchers and practitioners with valuable new tools to address new forms of poverty in the right way, poverty and inequality in middle income countries shows how a radical switch from aid to redistribution-based social policies is needed to combat new forms of global poverty.

The City in Urban Poverty

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Author by : C. Lemanski
Languange Used : English, France, Spanish, Italia and chinese
Page : 239
Isbn : 9781349474493
Identifier : 1349474495
Release : 2015-01-01
Publisher by : Palgrave Macmillan
Category : Social Science
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Description : Read Now The City In Urban Poverty by C. Lemanski and you can download with pub, pdf, txt, doc, and more file format with free account. the contributors respond to the absence of critical debate surrounding the ways in which spaces of the city do not merely contain, but also constitute, urban poverty. the volume explores how the spaces of the city actively produce and reproduce urban poverty.